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can someone give me an overall picture about lighting department ?
like what are types (classifications) of lights ? when and what situations are each used for ? major lighting techniques/styles etc.?
Wikipedia has a lot of basic answers (listed from most general to most specific):
Stage Lighting: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stage_lighting
Three-point Lighting: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three-point_lighting
Those three articles have lots of information that address your questions broadly and in detail. Another resource is to search YouTube for the terms "BTS" (behind the scenes) and "lighting". This will take you to thousands of videos of people explaining how they lit their videos. For more formal explanations, search YouTube for "lighting master class" (without quotes).
The largest "standard" light I know of is the "Wendy", which clocks in at about 125,000 Watts. The latest James Bond movie had a scene with 8 full Wendys (a million Watts!) plus several Quarter Wendys, not to mention also several 20KW lights as well: http://www.theasc.com/site/blog/thefilmbook/lighting-spectre/
At the other end of the spectrum, one can light a scene with a single match: https://vimeo.com/82944199
January 22, 2016 at 3:45AM
What's your goal here ?
Do you just want to have a general reference to what lights are available with some idea about how they work ?
Or do you want to learn how to light and how to use lights ?
January 23, 2016 at 12:12PM
I know it sounds crazy, but you might want to look into some books. The internet is great for general overviews, but a book might give you some structure to learn within. "Matters of Light and Depth" by Lowell is a great introductory primer to lighting. "Cinematography: Theory and Practice" by Brown is a fantastic introduction to using lighting for moving pictures.
January 24, 2016 at 7:16PM
I was going to suggest "Matters of Light and Depth" but you beat me to it. Great book!
January 25, 2016 at 9:06PM