September 19, 2016 at 3:07PM

12

Need Advice Ursa Mini 4.6K Resolution Settings

Hi - I'm new to cinematography and have been using my Ursa Mini 4.6K quite a bit. I am struggling to figure out the right resolution for film. I am constantly not impressed with the resolution quality of my video -yet youtube reviews of the Ursa Mini 4.6K are able to output fantastic HD. I wish there was a tutorial for beginners on how to USE the camera, not just what features it has. I had the camera for 4 months before I finally figured out how to change the F-Stop (this isn't explained anywhere).

1) Should I shoot everything in RAW? Is that because I can color it?
2) Can the non-raw resolutions be colored if still in Film mode?
3) What video settings would you recommend for a Feature Film?

Thanks!
Mark

1 Comment

I don't have an URSA but I do have several RED cameras, and the complaints you register are commonly reported on REDUSER.net.

The reason for shooting RAW is because it gives you the greatest flexibility in post. There are limits, however, and what a lot of people get wrong is just how wide those limits are. But in general, RAW images don't have built-in sharpening, so you have to learn how to sharpen your images yourself. And this can take some time to learn (just as sharpening a knife takes time to learn).

RAW images also allow the greatest range of exposure, white-balance, and color grading. Again, if you underexpose (or overexpose) your images, you will run into noise/clipping, and that's not always a good thing (though it's not always a bad thing, either). But RAW gives you enormous flexibility, when you know how to use it. Shooting non-RAW images greatly limits how much you can adjust lift, gamma, and gain before things look really ugly, as well as how much you can adjust color temperature and exposure. I would say RAW gives you 2-3 stops more creative latitude than a baked image.

Finally, don't underestimate that effects of lighting on everything: resolution, perceived sharpness, exposure, color, gamma, blacks, whites, etc. Badly lit (or unlit) scenes often make people think "the sound isn't right" or "the focus is off" or all sorts of other things. But really, it's just bad lighting. Use good lighting and test charts to control those variables and learn the camera before making a feature film. Once you do, you can decide for yourself the best workflow, quality, and technique to use to create a great result.

September 19, 2016 at 5:07PM

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