I am a 40-year-old film production hobbyist and prize-winning short-film director living in Central Oregon.
Hmm, I guess we have different opinions here. I almost always object to the "long take". It sticks out like a sore thumb in most cases, and all four examples you presented had me wanting to cut to another view, to see someone's reaction that I couldn't because it was out of shot, or to cut to a close-up.
All four of those were frustrating for me to watch, not endearing or captivating. The doctor/dog scene was the most acceptable, but even then, I kept wanting a cutaway. The "dating" scene reeked of "Hey, look at our TECHNIQUE!" - which a movie or show shouldn't do. We should get so lost in the story that we don't notice the technique. (Unless it's ALL about the technique - "The Grand Budapest Hotel" for example.)