"Spam spam spam spam ..!"
It's a bad idea to go into debt to attend film school. Once you graduate you'll have to get a job to pay the student loans, and that most likely means not working in movie-making.
These lables are useful when you're seeking an audience for your movie. Did you shoot in black and white? You're wasting your money advertising to Millennials; they won't watch it. Handy to know!
I don't share the worry of your second paragraph. I'm "Generation X". And I'm sure we'll come up with equally lame lables for newer generations.
People always start off with a camera. I think this is a mistake. A camera is the easiest thing to borrow or rent, and it will be obsolete in about 20 minutes. A good shotgun microphone can last you a career, as can a trio of fresnels; if you have those, the movie you shoot on your iPhone will be more watchable than the one by the individual who owns an Arri Alexa and nothing else.
I've used jibs indoors, and they are (as Stephen says) a bit of a pain. If you want to follow actors indoors, I suggest a dolly, Steadicam-style stabilizer, or motorized-gimbal stablizer (depending on the effect you want and the location itself). All those take up less space in use, and are more easily reset for different shots.
I think the angles of super- and hyper-cardioid are reversed in the summary text. A hyper-cardioid is narrower.