January 31, 2014

New ARRI ALEXA XT B+W Monochrome Camera is Native 2000 ISO & Has 15 Stops of Dynamic Range

ARRI ALEXA XT BW Monochrome-InfraredSeems like it's all ARRI news lately, but the company has another new product coming out. We've talked a bit about the RED EPIC Monochrome camera that shoots only in black and white, and it gives spectacular results. Now, ARRI is coming right back with their own monochrome camera, which takes most of what people like about the current ALEXA, and pumps up the performance even more. Not only is this camera monochrome, but it's capable of shooting infrared with the switch of a filter. Check out some of the footage shot on the new B+W:

This music video was also shot on the camera:

Here are the specs:

  • Sensor Modes: 16:9, 14:3
  • Maximum number of sensor photo sites: 2880x2160
  • Exposure latitude (stops): 15
  • Base sensitivity (EI): 2000
  • White balance (fixed): 2000
  • Exposure Index (EI): 160 - 3200
  • Frame rate: 16:9: 0.75 - 120fps
  • Frame rate 4:3: 0.75 - 90fps
  • Sound level: < 19 db (A)
  • Electronic shutter angle (degrees): 5 - 358°
  • Weight: 8.7kg/19.2lbs
  • Electronic viewfinder: Yes
  • Optical viewfinder: No
  • In-camera recording to SxS PRO cards: No
  • In-camera recording to XR Capture Drives: Yes
  • In-camera recording to CFast 2.0 cards: No
  • ARRIRAW recording: In-camera
  • In-camera ProRes HD recording: No
  • In-camera ProRes 2K recording: No
  • In-camera DNxHD HD recording: No
  • ProRes Pre-recording: No
  • Integrated CDL Server: Yes
  • Lens Data System: Yes
  • HD-SDI video output connectors: 4
  • 24 V accessory power connectors (RS): 3
  • Integrated wireless camera and lens control: Yes
  • Tilt and roll sensors: Yes
  • Electronic horizon: Yes
  • Behind the lens ND filter(18): BG39 (B+W), BG87C (IR pass)

Some more about the camera from the ARRI website (emphasis added):

Sensor configuration and filter system

The ALEXA XT B+W sensor assembly has no Bayer mask, optical low pass filter (OLPF) or IR block filter, allowing each photosite to capture the full spectrum of visible light and upping the base sensitivity to 2000 ASA. Images from the camera are therefore sharper and display more contrast than those from a standard ALEXA with the color wound down, delivering a classic black-and-white look that is very much like a 35 mm camera loaded with panchromatic film. In addition to black-and-white, the camera can also be easily configured to capture infrared. In this mode the camera only 'sees' the reflected, infrared, non-visible light. These images appear radically different, producing white foliage, blemish-free skin, black eye pupils and moody dark skies. Switching between these modes can be done easily through the use of two new interchangeable internal filters - a BG39 filter for stunning black-and-white or a BG87C infrared pass (visible light block filter) for dramatic infrared. 

Recording options

The ALEXA XT B+W utilizes the same in-camera ARRIRAW recording system as the ALEXA XT family, recording to 512 GB XR Capture Drives. The native resolution of ALEXA XT B+W images is the same as a regular ALEXA recording ARRIRAW - i.e 16:9 format at 2880 x 1620 and 4:3 format at 2880 x 2160. Spatial resolution, sharpness and image contrast however, are all improved over a regular color ALEXA XT. ProRes HD/2K and DNxHD recording is not supported in camera, but these file types can be quickly and efficiently generated off-line during ingest and archival using Codex VFS software that has been optimised for the ALEXA XT B+W.

Infrared is simply the light that humans can't perceive, but can be picked up by a camera sensor if you block the visible light (which is what's happening when you're using a lot of ND filters on a color image). It gives a really interesting look when you leave it in color, but it is more traditionally shot to be converted into black and white. This spot was made with an infrared ALEXA:

And another shot infrared:

http://vimeo.com/82183476

Essentially what ARRI has done is created the ultimate monochrome camera. Not only are the specs above and beyond what the standard ALEXA is capable of, but it's also an infrared camera at the same time. RED has their EPIC Monochrome, but they also have some cameras converted to infrared. Here is a particularly interesting example shot on a RED infrared-converted EPIC, and then simply left in color in post:

https://vimeo.com/81933242

So the topic always seems to come up regarding the cameras: why would you want to use this? It's a specialty camera for situations like above, and even though you may have more pinpoint control of channels shooting color for black and white, the images are just that much silkier when they originate this way (and that's ignoring the added sensitivity and dynamic range). With a traditional Bayer filter in front of your camera sensor (which almost all digital cameras have), you're losing resolution because colors have to be interpreted:

With the color filters removed, every single pixel is accounted for, and thus the image is essentially the true resolution on the spec page. RED's Monochrome camera has similar advantages, and now ARRI has their own solution. You do lose ProRes recording with this new model, so it's not going to be as quick of a workflow if you're used to that, but you can either transcode the RAW to 2.8K ProRes on the fly with the Codex Vault, or in post later with the ARRIRAW converter.

If you want to rent one in the US, ARRI CSC is offering it at various locations throughout the country. For those handful of you who want to buy one, it's likely going to be somewhere in the neighborhood of $100,000 or more for a full package (hence the rental suggestion).

Links:

Your Comment

19 Comments

I can't even imagine how tiny the confusion circle has to be on this camera. Focus puller will love that. Just like the Red monochrome. Can sony do their own F65 8k monochrome too? Just for the lulz.

January 31, 2014

1
Reply
Pierre

That last example was sweet :)

Was surely there was more done in post than just leaving in colour? I've never worked with infrared footage but from the examples I've seen before it seems that this has much more skin tone in it. would love to see their post workflow on that. Great post anyway.

January 31, 2014

-1
Reply
Kraig

Interesting to see how many will choose this one over the RED Monochrome.

January 31, 2014

0
Reply
Jesper

This website is becaming too espensive for me...

January 31, 2014

1
Reply
Nelson

You can't rent things based on a job's needs?

January 31, 2014

0
Reply
Pat

Not everyone is working and have clients. A lot of people just make short films with friends just for the heck of it.

January 31, 2014

-2
Reply
Hampus

Not every article has to satisfy the bottom-line.

January 31, 2014

-1
Reply
Pat

ooooo burn....

February 1, 2014

1
Reply
Lee

I've said it before and i'll damn well say it again, the website is called " No Film School" not " $50 Film School".

February 1, 2014

0
Reply
Lee

You're right: it's called" No Film School" not "No Budget Film School".

February 1, 2014

2
Reply
Ska

Well, the specifications of this camera in paper sounds so good, BUT I would like to think that ARRI will develope a cam but not in monochrome.

January 31, 2014

-1
Reply

Not sure if serious...

January 31, 2014

-1
Reply
Jake

Because monochrome is so popular in doco world, right? Ergonomic brick for lazy ass ACs is so much better than 2000 ISO native color red dragons (but who needs colors, right?). It's modular design (eww) is an instant turnoff! ARRI RENTS!

January 31, 2014

-1
Reply
Natt

Not a fan of all this low-contrast stuff I'm seeing these days. In color or (especially) black-and-white.

The first two examples look like they were shot for color and then turned black and white (like "Nebraska", yuck!). You need to use light to separate your subjects from the background way more-so than when using color.

January 31, 2014

-2
Reply
Nick

I agree. Low contrast unless is a natural ambient result is hard to watch and adds nothing to the telling of the story. The first clip it only showed that they needed better lighting. When is the last time we have seen liquids not reflecting a tiny glimpse of light?

February 4, 2014

1
Reply
Agni Ortiz

Epic monochrome all day

January 31, 2014

2
Reply
carlos

As I wrote in the previous Arri post, these PR releases are not coincidental. They fall right between the CES and CP+/Olympics, where a more popular gear gets a giant share of the limelight. Of course, if one really goes retro in 4:3 B&W, then this is the cam (and there are a lot of 4:3 TV's out there).

January 31, 2014

0
Reply
DLD

I believe the 4:3 is mainly mentioned to inform that it will be anamorphic friendly, as is the regular Alexa.

February 1, 2014

3
Reply
Haroun Souirji

I think I'll be going for the "Poor Mans" B&W camera from Digital Bolex. Under $.5,000

Somehow a forum topic a week back led to a swift "sure we can do that!"

http://www.digitalbolex.com/forum/building-the-digital-bolex/d16-hardwar...

February 6, 2014

0
Reply
Bryan x