Terry Gilliam on the Importance and Power of Storyboarding
The spine of any smooth production is its organization, and storyboarding is a key vertebra. Regarding this important phase of pre-visualization, we've heard in the past from great filmmakers such as Ridley Scott, Sam Mendes, and Conrad L. Hall. A not-so-recent interview with another visionary, Terry Gilliam, has recently surfaced -- and if you've seen any of Gilliam's work, you have a good idea of what fantastical imagery can be accomplished even on a budget (The Brothers Grimm was budgeted at $88 million, true, but Time Bandits was made for $5 million; 'nough said). I think it would be safe to attribute some of Gilliam's success in achieving somewhat under-funded flights of fancy to his artistic background, and therefore his ability to storyboard.
Gilliam says something interesting immediately, and that is his use of drawing sometimes during the writing phase. Storyboards in a strict sense are traditionally done once a script has reached a certain plateau of finality -- meaning it may not be locked outright, but only relatively minor alterations will be made in subsequent drafts. Gilliam here describes his storyboarding process sometimes affecting the script as new visual ideas come out, which is an interesting inversion of convention as I see it. He highlights the benefit of using storyboards as the skeletal basis of a scene's structure, allowing out-of-sequence shooting to work just as well as shooting in-sequence -- with some creative variability for how to achieve each frame still retained by the shooting process itself. On the other hand, Gilliam says that storyboarding improves the worst-case creative-scenario, which is running dry on ideas -- because even without the in-the-moment idea on set, adhering to pre-conceived storyboards while shooting will still result in a cohesive, coherent sequence.
The director also cautions against being too reliant on previously designed documents, for fear of becoming a filmmaking-type of zombie. There are some things that are undeniably beneficial of the process, as Gilliam points out in these videos -- the camera department has a grasp of what's to be done, production design and art departments have something to work with that's far more visual than just words (in lieu of conceptual artwork), and hopefully, budgetary considerations can be wagered with far greater confidence. I think his whole perspective on the function of storyboarding is valuable because at every angle from which he examines it, he emphasizes more than anything else the value of creativity and accomplishing a vision.
Have you guys ever saved money or time on a production with some preliminary planning with storyboards -- or been able to accomplish something complex that you may not have otherwise been able to? Have you ever found yourself upset for being unable to storyboard yourself, being artistically untalented like me?
(Thumbnail photo courtesy Sony Pictures Classics via Slant Magazine)