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June 5, 2012

The Visual Anatomy of a Scene: 'One Click Away' Part 1

This is the first article in a series written for filmmakers specifically interested in learning more about the craft filmmaking from a visual perspective.  In this series, I will “dissect” scenes from some of my more interesting projects as a Director of Photography and discuss the visual aspects of creating these scenes from both an aesthetic and technical perspective. I think that it is equally important to explore the creative thought process (the “why”) as well as the nuts and bolts (the “how to”). I’ll start by profiling a recent project called “One Click Away.”  This was an ambitious and visually challenging project with a modest budget.

The message of the project was to warn families about how easy, and often, young children are exposed to internet pornography as well as point out the negative effects of adult pornography addiction.  The film was written by Rajeev Sigamoney and Jason Satterlund, produced by Marc Dahlstrom, and directed by Jason Satterlund of Big Puddle Films for client Josh McDowell ministries: Just1clickaway.org.  Still photographs were taken by Levy Moroshan. I’m not choosing this project to promote any particular message, religious belief, or doctrine. Rather, I chose this project as an instructional example of how creative decisions are made and executed within a collaborative team that is working well together. Whether or not you agree with the message or intention, I hope that you will find the discussion of craft and techniques useful. For me, this was a fun opportunity to work with a creative director looking for dramatic cinematography.

Stylistically and logistically, our team approached “One Click Away” like a suspense/horror feature film – although on a much smaller scale.  This was an ambitious project for everyone involved. We had only three days to film many set-ups with a cast of over 30 actors – and it was the first time that director Jason Satterlund and I had ever worked together. To add to the challenge, Jason was living in a different state at the time. So by necessity, we had an extended pre-production planning period that consisted of a series of long phone conversations squeezed in between our busy work schedules.

During these conversations, we went over the script several times as well as storyboards of key scenes. Jason also introduced visual motifs from still photographs and films that referenced specific camera angles or lighting styles that he was inspired by or wanted to emulate. Since we would have several scenes of people looking into computer monitors and television screens, Jason sent me several frame shots from “The Ring” (US version). This was particularly helpful because I had not seen that version of the film. I could still relate because I’m a fan of the original Japanese version, “Ringu.”

Tormented Souls

One of the most interesting scenes to visually interpret was a symbolic montage scene that I dubbed “tormented souls.” This scene called for a series of people in anguish – all staring into camera. The intention of the scene was to symbolically express the torment of addiction to pornography. Jason envisioned a locked-off frame that would jump cut many diverse faces as they went through phases of addiction. At the height of feeling “trapped,” a series of arms and hands would grab the victim from behind, choking and smothering them as they “struggled” with their addiction. When I read the script, I envisioned a modern version of Dante’s Inferno. Jason sent a reference photograph of hands covering a face that was more specific.

We both agreed that a wide-angle lens close up of each person would be appropriately unflattering, thereby enhancing the torment. After testing several lenses prior to our shoot, I settled on a Zeiss 18mm CP.2 prime lens with a PL mount to go with our Sony F3 camera. This particular lens has close focus ability. Actors could stand only inches from the lens, which would distort their facial features just the right amount. A fisheye lens would have been too heavy-handed, and possibly comical.

We also wanted a disturbing lighting effect, but there were practical considerations. We needed to film ten actors in this montage within a tight shooting schedule. This would require an efficient “one size fits all” lighting scheme that once set up could be executed quickly.  Jason liked the simplicity of a “ring light” with the beautiful eye light that it created in a subject’s eyes. I also thought a ring light would be an effective and efficient way to light a subject standing extremely close to the lens. But we reasoned that a traditional ring light was too flattering and the look is too often associated with high fashion “beauty” lighting. My challenge prior to shooting would be to explore an alternative eye light.

Triangle Light Pattern

After rejecting round shapes in the eyes as too pleasing, I tested various straight angle reflections using single Kinoflo fluorescent tubes as a reference for length and width. Based on this experimentation, I came up with the idea for a triangle shaped keylight and eyelight combination that would look unnatural and feel disconcerting. To achieve this effect, I designed a custom triangle light pattern that would surround the lens. I started with a piece of 4’ x 4’ black and white foam core and cut out a triangle shape 3” wide with sides approximately 3’ 6” in length. I used the white side of the foam core to draw lines and make cuts. In the middle of the triangle, I cut out a circle exactly the diameter of the lens. I covered the triangle “cut out” using paper tape and thick tracing paper (used for it’s heavy diffusing quality and cheap cost).

While cutting out the triangle shape, I realized that the center of the foam core would no longer be supported or hold a rigid shape once placed over the lens. I fixed this by gaffer taping 3 sections of rigid coat hanger wire at each corner of the triangle. The thin shadow of the wire did not read in the eye reflection. The entire foam core pattern slipped tightly over the camera lens with the black side facing the actors. It was supported firmly in place by cutting two additional holes and inserting the iris rods that would normally be used for a camera matte box.

My camera assistant, Sam Garr, came up with the great idea of further stabilizing the foam core by borrowing a bracket from the matte box and thumb-screwing it to the rods, pinning the foam core securely in place. The matte box bracket was black, so it would disappear into the black foam core and not be seen in the eyes.

I illuminated the triangle shape (covered with tracing paper) from behind the camera using three 1K fresnel lights adjusted for even lighting of the triangle cut out.  With the subject so close to the lens, there was plenty of exposure on the face as well as an eerie “triangle” shaped eyelight. Actually, the reflection looks more “shield” shaped since the curvature of the eyeball “bends” the straight lines. The dark side of the foam core facing the actor prevents any other competing reflections in the eyes.  I also discovered during earlier experimentation that the front tripod leg would create unwanted shadows on the triangle pattern due to its proximity to the bottom of the triangle.  To remedy this, we extended the camera forward using our Fisher 11 dolly’s 24” offset arm coupled with a rotating offset (optional accessories). Flags and duviteen (black cloth) were added to the sides of the foam core pattern to prevent extraneous spill light (from the 1K’s) from contaminating the darkness of our back wall.

I’ll go into more details about this set up in my next post.


Randolph Sellars, Director of Photography and Filmmaker, has over 30 years of experience photographing a variety of projects in 11 countries around the world. He has shot 23 feature films, including The Juniper Tree, which was a Grand Jury finalist at the Sundance Film Festival and was singer/actress Bjork’s first feature film.

Your Comment

29 Comments

Awesome!

June 5, 2012

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Luke Neumann

I love articles like these

June 5, 2012

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Jason

This was an excellent article, and I really look forward to the rest of the series as well as seeing more content like this on NFS!

June 5, 2012

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Robert

June 14, 2012

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Fantastic piece.

June 5, 2012

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Samuel

WOW, that was amazing

June 5, 2012

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1) Congrats on the resourcefulness.The stills with the triangle front light look amazing and i like the tracing paper diffusion.
2) This is the lamest attempt at demonizing something.I think it is so bad that it can only work the opposite way.
3) I am really sorry but i just can't bring myself to see past the purpose of the video itself.
4) Keep them coming though.Diversity is a good thing.

June 5, 2012

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Konstantinos

Konstantinos, I respect your opinion concerning the subject matter and message of the film. I really appreciate that you can separate the content of the film from the discussion of techniques used. I'm glad that you got something from reading the post. That was my intention.

June 7, 2012

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Fantastic article! I found it quite inspiring!

A question though Konstantinos, if you think this is truly the lamest attempt at demonizing something, and its so bad it could only have the opposite effect, then how would you have better conveyed the same message? I personally feel they did an excellent job of conveying their theme, and message given the challenge of many viewers not agreeing or wanting to hear what they had to say.

June 9, 2012

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Jonny Strellman

Glad you guys like the first installment. More coming! Please feel free to ask questions if you have them.

June 5, 2012

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I love it when the site features articles of this level of detail, as opposed to endless blogs about cameras I can't afford (but enjoy reading anyway).

For the 95% of us doing budget filmmaking, this industry is really about creative problem solving.

I took a lighting/cinematography workshop with Sellars, and it was a great experience to just soak in gems/nuggets of lighting problem solving only years of experience will grant you.

Can't wait for part 2.

June 5, 2012

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Kevin

AMAZING! great video, and article! thanks!

June 6, 2012

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Excellent post! And an A+ for resourcefulness, but If only the resourcefulness was used for a topic that seriously does not warrant such condemnation.

June 6, 2012

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Harry

Thank you so much, keep these articles coming.

PS: this topic makes being a filmmaker worthwhile. If we can help people beyond entertaining them, that is the greatest joy one can have. Sex trafficking is rampant in the industry, most actresses are on powerful drugs during the shoots, many have numerous abortions to the point of damaging their womb, STD's and AIDS have infiltrated the actors/actresses causes our government to enforce condom use as mandatory. The issue is still problematic. And we have not even discusses the addictive endorphins and psychological damage done to children because of exposure.

June 6, 2012

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I am a camera junkie, but these are the kinds of articles I want more of. Anyone can learn how to use a camera, but hearing resourceful techniques from industry professionals are 100x more valuable to indie filmmakers wanting to improve their craft! Keep this style coming!

June 6, 2012

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Chase, glad you liked it. Part 2 of this article is now posted at: http://nofilmschool.com/2012/06/anatomy-scene-one-click-away-part-2/#mor...

June 14, 2012

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Very nice.

Thank you.

The workshop was amazing.
It was great to see some D.I.Y. techniques.
Looking forward to seeing the finished product from the second day.

June 7, 2012

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Great still images - but the video result is pure cheese. Even kids in grade school will laugh and this. Very childish.

June 7, 2012

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Jordan Carr

Since I am trying to learn cinematography. I would love to learn how you light the many different room. Hopefully in the next post

June 7, 2012

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Victor Nguyen

Leaving the subject matter alone:

I watched the entire video... just looking for something huge to pop out at me. But after reading the article and learning about the triangle FX, I had to re watch the video and then ... there it was, so subtle and effective.

Great technique: just wished there were more images or video of the triangle set up to go with those words of design... it's easier to follow.. U Know, a photo is worth a thousand words.

Keep up the great work

June 8, 2012

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Cal

Cal, there is another photo angle of the triangle light in part 2 of this article. Maybe that will help you visualize it better. Unfortunately, when I was shooting this project, I wasn't thinking of writing a blog article. However, since a lot of good still photos were taken, I thought I would give it a try. Part 2: http://nofilmschool.com/2012/06/anatomy-scene-one-click-away-part-2/#mor...

June 14, 2012

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Filmmaking aside, this is indoctrination at its finest...

June 8, 2012

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Ramona Laska

hahaha, yes! Thank you!

June 12, 2012

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Christopher ONeill

Great Work! Bravo!

June 8, 2012

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Mher Hakobyan

I think the article is barely educational. you just ramble on about how hard it was and how many calls you had to make and then you start talking about lighting and cinematography yet at the same time there isn't any depth in what you are saying.

Then the video seems to me like Christian propaganda. Why do we always have to mix our society's issues with religion? do you really think this only happens to christians?

June 13, 2012

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JC

Dude... why set yourself up to get all this flak. Surely another (less divisive) example could have been used that was less likely to start a flame war and/or just get people to stop watching and not read the rest of the article.

June 14, 2012

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CD

Love the look and the way the lighting and horror feel was portrayed. The eye light was perfect and the way the first model was sitting in the dark corner was very effective.

Sad to say, I dislike the message but that is my personal beliefs creeping in. Great work!

June 15, 2012

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Rob

To be honest this became a wonderful detailed article nonetheless like all great freelance writers there are a few points that may be worked upon. Yet never ever the actual a smaller amount it had been stimulating.

April 9, 2013

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