'There Are No Rules': Filmmaking Advice from Maverick Filmmaker Jim Jarmusch

The last person I'd ever expect to give a list of golden rules of moviemaking would be independent filmmaker Jim Jarmusch. It isn't because he's not brilliant -- I'm sure we've all seen Broken Flowers and Dead Man -- it's because he's a maverick -- a non-conformist. His narratives deviate from the traditional form, instead following a more experimental approach. So, it sounds insane for, and so unlike Jim Jarmusch to have compiled a handful of rules on moviemaking, but once you read them, you'll realize they're not so much rules as they are -- anti-rules. Check them out after the jump

Jarmusch shared 5 of these "rules" with MovieMaker back in 2004, and they were so awesome, apparently, that they decided to republish the issue. His advice touches on a couple of themes: egoism and a staunch and severe stance on cinematic and artistic independence. Jarmusch starts out by saying:

There are no rules. There are as many ways to make a film as there are potential filmmakers. It’s an open form.

This is the foundation he sets the rest of his thoughts on. Filmmaking and cinema is not about rules -- rules make art easier to observe and experience, which is not always so for creating it. To not call something filmmaking because it doesn't have a narrative or is just a reel of celluloid with pressed leaves is missing the point.

I personally love when filmmakers talk about inflated egos and humility. Jarmusch advises us that filmmaking is never done by one person. It takes a village to make a film, and respecting and valuing each contributor is something every filmmaker must learn:

Filmmaking is a collaborative process. You get the chance to work with others whose minds and ideas may be stronger than your own. Make sure they remain focused on their own function and not someone else’s job, or you’ll have a big mess. But treat all collaborators as equals and with respect. A production assistant who is holding back traffic so the crew can get a shot is no less important than the actors in the scene, the director of photography, the production designer or the director.

Another point he makes that echoes the sentiment on egoism is originality. It's easy to get a big head when you think you're the first person to ever use a certain shot, use a certain edit, or pen a certain narrative. Jarmusch says "no way":

Nothing is original. Steal from anywhere that resonates with inspiration or fuels your imagination. Devour old films, new films, music, books, paintings, photographs, poems, dreams, random conversations, architecture, bridges, street signs, trees, clouds, bodies of water, light and shadows. Select only things to steal from that speak directly to your soul. If you do this, your work (and theft) will be authentic. Authenticity is invaluable; originality is nonexistent.

Do you know how freeing it is when you stop trying to be original and start being authentic? I can't count how many times I've thought of a story idea, shot, or character and convinced myself that I was just the most brilliant artist in the world, until I read a book, saw a photo, or watch a movie and realized, "Oh -- that's where I got it from."

Most are convinced that Quentin Tarantino is an excellent filmmaker, yes? The Kill Bill series is rife with homages from other films and TV shows -- shots, dialog, costumes, and characters that he got from other artists. My favorite demonstration of this is this Everything is a Remix video showing the many similarities between the Kill Bill series and other films and shows. Check it out below.

There's no shame in stealing, in fact, most (if not all) the artists and filmmakers of today steal and have stolen from those who went before them. The great ones just had great taste.

Finally, Jarmusch tells us not to let the man get us down. Talking specifically about financiers, distributors, producers, and other miscellaneous executives he says:

They can either help you, or not help you, but they can’t stop you. People who finance films, distribute films, promote films and exhibit films are not filmmakers. They are not interested in letting filmmakers define and dictate the way they do their business, so filmmakers should have no interest in allowing them to dictate the way a film is made.

So, be bold. Be humble. And make the film you want to make. It doesn't matter if you feel like your idea is tired and over done, or you're ripping off film after film after film, or higher-ups are trying to drag your project through the most profitable dirt -- just create what satisfies you. If you like the film you're creating, then what else could matter? In the end, you're the one who will have the most lasting effects from what you made, so you might as well make it the way you want it.

Jim Jarmusch continues to tell the stories he wants to tell, most recently with his film Only Lovers Left Alive, which is a romantic drama about vampires. It premiered at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival and was nominated for the Palme d’Or.

What do you think? Did Jim Jarmusch's advice help you? What other advice could you lend to filmmakers?

Link: Jim Jarmusch's 5 Golden Rules (or non-rules) of Moviemaking -- MovieMaker Magazine

Your Comment


I think I love this guy.

June 24, 2013 at 5:25PM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM


I'm not sure jarmusch would be that stoked to see his rules evidenced by a Tarantino picture.... Just a thought.

June 24, 2013 at 5:43PM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM


A filmmaker once told me to avoid watching other artists' work and instead to concentrate on my own. I found my inspiration to suffer greatly as a result.

With that said, I particularly enjoyed Jim's advice on stealing ideas from anything you can find - film, art, architecture, etc. A truly great film or piece of music really gets those juices going.

June 24, 2013 at 8:32PM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM


Cecil B Demille studied the work of the Italian Baroque Illusionist painter Annibale Carracci.

June 30, 2013 at 1:20PM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM


Stealing is a nasty word unless you're playing baseball. Think of it as inspiration instead. I enjoyed kill especially for the references, I love Wu Tang for the same reasons. But what a class act Jim Jarmusch is, he must be a pleasure to work with. I bet the wrap party's bitter sweet.

June 24, 2013 at 9:31PM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM

Anthony Marino

lol that clip reminded me of wu tang too

June 25, 2013 at 5:48AM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM


He has some great advice. What he said about stealing from other artists reminds me of a quote that's something like "Good artists borrow, great artists steal". To me it means that borrowing something makes the thing still the property of the original owner but to steal it makes it yours.
The folk tradition in music goes way back and musicians have always taken stuff from others and made it into something else. I think it's good.

June 24, 2013 at 10:54PM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM

Clark Nikolai

Steal Like an Artist - Austin Kleon


June 24, 2013 at 11:32PM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM


Fans of Jarmusch should check out the excellent documentary covering the major underground cinema/music/art scene in NYC fron the Early 1970's to the late 80's. "Blank City". Steve Buscemi's segment is also interesting. It's currently available on Netflix.

June 25, 2013 at 8:33AM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM

Marc B.

I second the love for Blank City. Just… watch it!

June 25, 2013 at 8:29PM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM


"I’m sure we’ve all seen Broken Flowers and Dead Man"

Are you?

June 25, 2013 at 1:09PM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM


I saw Dead Man in the theater twice during its initial release. Absolute Masterpiece.

June 27, 2013 at 11:44AM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM

Tim McC

Great advice, will take this to heart, (especially the stealing part)

June 28, 2013 at 7:37AM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM


Well, there's always this vision of artmaking, too, which doesn't spend time looking at others' work. From John Lennon, no less (in a conversation with Clive Davis back in the day):

‘No,’ [Lennon] said. ‘I haven’t listened to any new music at all ... Clive let me ask you a question. Do you think Picasso went to the galleries to see what was being painted before he put brush to canvas?’”
Only Lennon could compare himself to Picasso and not be totally out of his mind.

July 2, 2013 at 8:43AM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM


If there ever was an artist that "stole" from other traditions then Picasso is that guy. His style is very connected to West AFrican art. Don't think Lennon was well informed when he said that.

August 11, 2013 at 10:08AM, Edited September 4, 8:21AM

stefan verna

"Wiggle your big toe" came from a John Wayne movie called The Wings of Eagles.

July 21, 2014 at 11:56PM, Edited September 4, 8:56AM


“It's not where you take things from — it's where you take them to.”
― Jean-Luc Godard

i think,this is the matter,JIM Jarmusch meant about...?

July 22, 2014 at 11:11AM, Edited September 4, 8:56AM


" Bad artists copy. Good artists steal. ”
-Pablo Picasso

July 22, 2014 at 11:16AM, Edited September 4, 8:56AM


Funny, to me that is a perfect illustration of differences between Tarantino / Jarmusch

August 13, 2014 at 12:41PM, Edited September 4, 8:56AM


learn the rules then fuck the rules

July 23, 2014 at 1:08AM, Edited September 4, 8:56AM


Actually, I don't think he would care. But neither of us should be speaking for him.

August 13, 2014 at 1:41AM, Edited September 4, 8:56AM


I recall Roger Ebert saying it was the worst soundtrack he had ever heard and giving the film 1 star. Im like Roger, the whole point of the film was perfectly captured by Neil Young's clanking, noisy score, which symbolized IMO the Industrial Revolution, deracinating the wilderness of the Pacific Northwest, the last untouched land of America and as Jarmusch might say, the end of poetry

August 13, 2014 at 12:39PM, Edited September 4, 8:56AM


Every opportunity, therefore should be taken to discountenance that false and vulgar opinion, that rules are the fetters of genius. They are fetters only to men of no genius; as that armor, which upon the strong is an ornament and defense, upon the weak and misshapen becomes a load and cripples the body which it was made to protect. - Sir Joshua Reynolds

August 24, 2015 at 2:05PM