Watch: Essential Lighting Tips All Filmmakers Should Know About

Light is one of the single most important elements in filmmaking.

As a cinematographer, much of your job centers around shaping light. Not only do you have to know where to get it, but you also have to know where to put it. In the video below, Simon Cade of DSLRguide uses a real set to...ahem...illuminate 4 basic lighting considerations that professionals take into account every day when making these decisions:

The four key concepts we can take away from Cade's video are:

Use what's available

Available light is what most beginner/no budget filmmakers are used to. It's the lamp on your nightstand. It's the bulb in your living room. It's the sun. It's the moon. It's the streetlight on a busy city street. This kind of light can be really useful if you don't have access to a pro light kit, especially when used with light modifiers like scrims, umbrellas, or even a big ol' white sheet. However, available light has its limitations and downfalls, including various light temperatures, power/brightness, location, and, you know, the fact that you and your set are orbiting around it making it difficult to shoot with it for long periods of time. (We're looking at you, Sun.) Cade's other tips show how one might get around these limitations.

Make sure your lighting choices are motivated

If you do have access to professional lighting equipment, you can start to make more motivated lighting choices. You can choose your keys and fills to help make your scene look more cinematic, to enhance your storytelling, and to correct any issues you might have with the way your scene is being lit. But the important thing to remember is that these decisions shouldn't be arbitrary, they should be motivated. They should serve a purpose. They should make the images and/or the story better—preferably "and."

Learn how to hide your lights

This is actually a skill you really have to practice to get any good at, because anyone can hide a light so it doesn't show up on camera, but the real artistry comes from knowing how to do it and still get the results you were looking for. This actually takes a ton of creativity and inventiveness, but, again, with some practice you'll get a keen sense of the most unobtrusive and effective light placement. 


It's easy to get complacent and rely on tried and true methods for lighting a scene, but wherever you see an opportunity to experiment with lighting, take it. Play around with colors, placement, shadows, different types of bulbs, and modifiers. Use combinations you've never tried before. Try being more bold if you're subtle or more subtle if you're bold. Film and cinematography is an ever growing language that is eagerly waiting for new words to be added to it. As Cade says in the video, "It never hurts to ask yourself, 'Should we try something unpredictable?'"     

Your Comment


Totally. Useless.
I dont understand why you guys post more and more of those disinformation videos made by mere enthusiasts or at most unexperimented vbloggers tutorials.
Instead of really posting actual relevant knowledge from real masters that work in the industry.
To nofilmschool, please don't become a brainless clickbait blog.

July 18, 2016 at 4:20PM

Martin Brewer
Director, DOP

Part of the "NO" in the "No Film School" is that there are resources that appeal to all ability levels and all levels of budget and practicality. I appreciate that NFS appeals to a wide variety of skill levels. If everything were a Shane Hurlbut tutorial working with Alexas and complicated flag kits, those just starting out would never begin to try. Remember, this site isn't reserved for advanced industry folks. I'd also point out that the concept of "motivated lighting" is an important one and is not useless. Anyway, thanks for your positive contribution to the NFS community!

July 19, 2016 at 9:28AM

Ben McGinley
Producer / Shooter / Editor

Useless shit. Talk about lazy. Five paragraphs with no instruction, no examples, no explanations of terminology. Just empty blather. This is a disgrace.

Publishing garbage like this makes the entire site less credible. The more junk like this we receive, the more we scoff at EVERY NFS article. Other writers should object to this for devaluing their own work.

I've seen enough of this that I now doubt everything I read on NFS. Congratulations: You look inept.

July 26, 2016 at 4:24AM

David Gurney