August 31, 2016

How 'Aliens' Gave Birth to the Modern Action Movie

Aliens Fandor KeyFrame Sigourney Weaver James Cameron
Aliens wasn't just a kickass sci-fi flick; it was also a template for modern action heroines

Back in the mid-80s, action heroes were predominantly (if not almost completely) male. But in this video essay by Fandor's Leigh Singer, we get to explore how AliensJames Cameron's pluralized sequel to 1979's classic is arguably, the mother of all action movies, and the protagonist, Ripley, the mother of hardcore action heroines.

Ridley Scott's 1979 sci-fi action movie Alien was one of the most innovative sci-fi flicks ever made, not least for its, in the words of Leigh Singer's essay for Fandor, "run-down...'trucks in space aesthetic.'" That was a deliberate move on the part of screenwriter Dan O'Bannon, who said in an interview, regarding the film's luck in being made, that is was almost entirely due to Star Wars.

"They [Fox, who had released Star Wars] wanted to follow through very rapidly (with another movie). The only thing that resembled that was my script. It was a spaceship movie and it was lying on Alan Ladd Jr.’s desk.”

Written in a low-budget aesthetic, and deliberately contravening the shiny aesthetic of most space movies, the script, Scott's underexposure, as well as the lack of a reveal of the full monster led not only to suspense, but budgetary savings. The film was, superstitiously, released on the same day Star Wars had been, May 25th.

Seven years later, Terminator director James Cameron made a run at the sequel, though he turned in, as Singer notes, "anything but a clone." In fact, she puts it that Cameron's key success with the sequel was the way the film "explor[ed] and expand[ed] its predecessor’s mythology, while getting even further under the skin of an already fascinating protagonist. For all its patiently mounted tension and relentless adrenalized action, what makes Aliens so much more than just a thrillingly rendered, “purely visceral” sci-fi war movie, is what writer-director Cameron—and star Sigourney Weaver—do with ex-Warrant Officer Ripley."

Aliens, even more than its predecessor, tackles the questions: "How do you depict a female lead in a male dominated genre?" In the original and sequel, she is presented, the video essay argues, as a variant on the "final girl" trope familiar from horror movies like The Texas Chainsaw Massacre and Halloween. But, by changing the genre to sci-fi action, Ripley couldn't just be independent, resilient and resourceful. In an era of hyper-macho action stars (like, well, Cameron's Terminator), she had to be something more. And that something more, according to the essay, is a mother.

As the film begins, she is a wreck, traumatized by the events of the final film, and what's worse, because she has been in floating stasis for 57 years, her daughter has grown up, grown old, and died. The movie lets tough-as-nails Ripley redeem her motherhood through the character of the orphaned Newt. 

Furthermore, in the future corporatist state depicted in the film, Ripley is subjected to a subversion of the "male gaze," though this one comes from other women, who have been, along with the men, turned into corporate wage-slaves, stripped of human feeling. The way Cameron solves the main problem of the film, which is how to reconcile Ripley's maternal side with her action-hero side, is to put her up against the egg-laying Queen Alien, who is, in Singer's words, the "toughest, smartest female of the species." Each seeks to "protect their young from an alien mother."

And, while some have criticized the film as being "conservative," for the presence of quasi love-interest Hicks, which completes a sort of nuclear family, that idea underestimates Ripley's "take-charge attitude, cool professionalism, and destructive rage," and when the two arcs, Ripley's motherhood and her need to destroy the alien threat, are brought together, what the audience is left with, besides a kick-ass movie, is the template for modern action heroines, from Uma Thurman in Kill Bill, to Sarah Connor in T2 (another Cameron film), and Angela Basset's Mace in Kathryn Bigelow's Strange Daysalong with countless other female action heroes.

This essay is fascinating for the light it shines on one film's importance in creating a modern cinematic archetype.      

Your Comment

6 Comments

The netflix series 'Stranger Things' borrowed a lot from the Alien movies.

September 1, 2016 at 5:18AM, Edited September 1, 5:18AM

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Torrey Rogers
Filmmaker
164

Stranger Things 'borrowed' from pretty much every 80s movie

September 1, 2016 at 9:04AM

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Matt Nunn
Amateur
335

Yes, and for something that so nakedly wears its influences on its sleeve I wouldn't call this a criticism. What matters isn't what it takes from but how well it re-assembles its borrowed parts, and for me Stranger Things does this very, very well.

September 1, 2016 at 9:42AM, Edited September 1, 9:43AM

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Batutta
46

Be aware that the youtube video has a jump scare part at the 1:35 min mark

September 1, 2016 at 6:40AM, Edited September 1, 6:40AM

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Cool stuff. Thank you.

September 3, 2016 at 7:08AM

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Sameir Ali
Director of Photography
864

HAS ANYONE NOTICED THAT THERE IS ONE PREDOMINANT ITEM THAT THIS MOVIE STARTED THAT HAS BEEN CARRIED ON IN A TON OF MOVIES SINCE, and many are not even in the Sci-Fi genre.... stop and think when I tell you, and no reading ahead... just how many times you've seen this effect of.... drum-roll.... STROBE LIGHTS FLASHING as high power cables are snapped and hanging and the flashing is continuing on down the hall and around the corner... once the need for the effect of that light with appropriate audio for distance, etc. is established, the filmmakers can carry the drama through the scene and use the lighting changes from electric flashes to provide great drama as the camera catches the stark contrasts in lighting.
I might be wrong, but I'm pretty sure this was the very first movie that came up with that effect, and did it out of a need to make more real the action that was taking place. I don't think they knew it was a first... I'm not a historian on the crew of that movie, but I'm thinking it was done to complete the need for as much shocking magnitude that could be nicely done, rather than just the actors skulking around. Since that time it seems that there is NEVER an action movie where there's a need for some degree of creepy drama scenes or a Sci-Fi horror, etc., that will manage to come up with a need to do a MUST HAVE effect like this one by creating a crash or boom to blast things apart to EQUAL the need for the same flashing and popping of light and sound. Seemingly also doesn't matter what the genre is, a good flick will create that flashing effect even if it is only a broken TV going nuts. IT'S A MASTERFUL EFFECT and whomever came up with it should get some type of award for being brilliant and innovative. Best to all in the future who like using this effect, because I love to watch it. as it always adds a significant degree of intrigue and drama into the scene or scenes where it's made use of.

September 6, 2016 at 7:38PM, Edited September 6, 8:00PM

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His Royalness
former vid & audio engineer
1

This effect is nothing but a homage to a very typical horror movie effect that goes all the way back to silent films. I can't think of any silent titles off hand, but Frankenstein used that strobe effect to create that same sense of dread and chaos, back in 1931. If you watch the original Alien, they have the exact same effect in a scene with the Alien, but it doesn't go on for as long. If anything, the strobe lighting in Aliens was a callback to that scene in the original Alien, rather than some new invention, much like that android chaaracter would have been a cause for tension for people who watched the original Alien. Very common stuff. Now they call this "easter eggs" and dedicate entire youtube channels to it...

November 28, 2016 at 12:00PM

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