How to Copyright Your Screenplay to Protect Your Ideas

How to Copyright Your Screenplay to Protect Your Ideas
How can you protect your great screenplay or story idea before sending it out into the world? Copyright your script! 

We've all been there. Finished a great script and excited to take it out to show everyone what we've done. It's got plot twists, turns, and you know it's going to sell. Maybe you spent the last few weeks working in our Free Screenwriting Seminar and are extremely proud of your work. 

But you also have to be protective. If ideas are bought and sold in Hollywood, then you need to make sure you get credit for your great ideas and hard work. 

That means before you send your script out to production companies, prospective agents, and contests, you should copyright your screenplay. 

What Is A Copyright?

A copyright is a legal document that protects your proprietary ideas, like screenplays, from being plagiarised or stolen. 

But here's the catch: you cannot copyright an idea. 

What Does Copyrighting a Script Protect?  

The law says a person can't copyright an idea or thought. So if you're out pitching your perfect idea about time travel and someone overhears you at Nate and Al's, they can totally steal your idea and write it themselves.

But don't get all whispery in public.

Be confident in your pitches and in your ability to execute them better than anyone possibly overhearing you while eating a pastrami sandwich.   

Just keep in mind how much time and effort it takes to write a good script. The reality is, if the guy at the next booth in the deli thinks the idea is that good that he steals it, writes it himself, and the movie gets made then your ideas are amazing and you will have more. 

Just worry about protecting your written ideas.

Why You Should Copyright Your Screenplay 

You want a public record of your script existing so you can protect yourself if you're ever in court. This probably won't happen.

But it's the only reason to copyright your script. 

Think of it like insurance. You pay for it constantly but hope you never need it. 

That said, there is need for all this documentation down the line if your movie is finished, and sold to distribution. 

A written treatment or outline of a fully-developed story should qualify for copyright protection. And so do completed scripts for both pilots and features.

One cool thing about the law is that it states copyright is automatically given to "original works of authorship that are fixed in a tangible form of expression." So if you type it, it's copyrighted automatically. But you still need to prove when you typed the document, so sending it into the copyright office matters too. 

You can even register it with the WGA to create a paper trail of when you came up with the idea. 

How to Register Your Screenplay With The WGA

The WGA is all about protecting writers. Whether it's showing you to turn down free work or giving you a space to register your script, they have you covered. 

From the WGA: 

"Registering your work with the WGAW Registry documents the claim of authorship of a written work and does NOT take the place of registering with the Library of Congress, U.S. Copyright Office which primarily documents the ownership or rights of written work. While both create legal evidence that can be used in court, we recommend contacting the Library of Congress directly with any questions regarding COPYRIGHT procedures or practices.

When you register your script prior to submitting it to contests, agents, managers, or producers, you document your authorship on a given date should there be unauthorized usage.

Registration provides a dated record of the writer's claim to authorship of literary material. The WGAW Registry may produce the material as evidence if legal action is initiated."

How to Copyright Your Screenplay in The United States

To copyright your screenplay, login to the US Copyright office and complete their application. They have an entire online area for scripts and screenplays. 

There is going to be a fee, but good news, it's cheaper online. Online can cost about $35-$55 but if you send in a paper application it's $85. 

Regardless of how you pay, you need to then submit your screenplay. To do this you need to decide whether or not your script  is “published” or “unpublished.” Most people who want to copyright a screenplay have an “unpublished” script. The script is “published” if you have offered copies of it for sale or rent.

If you file your registration online, you can upload a copy of your unpublished script. If you are registering by mail or if your script has been published, you have to send in paper copies.

Eventually, you'll get an email confirmation that your script has been copyrighted. 

Summing Up How To Copyright Your Screenplay

Now you know how to protect your ideas by copyrighting your screenplays with the US Copyright Office or registering your screenplays with the WGA. 

If you're excited to get writing, check out our tips for Staffing Season or our four steps to becoming a professional screenwriter. 

Remember, your brain is the key to all your ideas. It's your money-maker. So protect your ideas at all costs. And wear a helmet when you ride a bike, or scooter, just because that will also help protect your ideas. 

Don't worry too much about it though. Just focus on writing your best screenplay. Then have the copyright office have your back. 

Now get writing! 


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Your Comment


thanks very much !!!

January 19, 2019 at 11:57PM


I understand the general copyright registration process, but one thing I've always been curious about: If I copyright my script and then later make revisions, do I need to submit the new version as well to receive the full legal protections on the new elements revised from the script that the Copyright Office already has? If so, is this considered a derivative of the script that I already registered?

And it's my understanding from various sources that the WGA registration really isn't worth much. It's not permanent, and it doesn't actually provide you any better legal protection than mailing yourself the script in an envelope which you keep sealed.

January 20, 2019 at 7:18AM

Kevin Tostado
Producer, Director

The US Copyright Office specifically decries the idea of the "poor man's copyright," stating: "There is no provision in the copyright law regarding any such type of protection, and it is not a substitute for registration."

January 21, 2019 at 2:37PM


You're copywriting the idea, not the spelling and dialogue. As long as the revision isn't a major overhaul, you should be good.

January 22, 2019 at 12:30PM

Jason Hellerman

This is exactly backwards. Copyright does not protect ideas, it protects "expression" (that is, the written form those ideas take--the precise words on the page). You generally have no protection for your underlying ideas, unless for example you have someone sign an NDA before sharing.

Whether you need to re-register a revised script (it would technically be a new work based on the original, called a "derivative work") will depend on the extent of the changes you make.

That said, note that registration is not necessary to hold a copyright. Copyright is automatic; registration mostly only matters in case someone infringes (i.e., it can help you get more damages in litigation).

December 6, 2021 at 7:54AM


And for CANADA?

January 23, 2019 at 1:35PM

Christopher Evans
Video Artist

This article was super helpful but I have a more specific question regarding protecting a series:

Can I submit a series as one collection of work per season or do I have to submit each episode individually?

Does it play a part if the series has already been made public on youtube? Can it then be submitted as a collective work?

Note: Web series - The episodes are all on average under 16 minutes.

Would I need to publish them as a full work strung out as one in order for it to be considered as one copywrite application?

Any and all feedback would be great! Submitting each individually would become costly at $35/per episode and it would be great to submit it under one application per season.

June 17, 2019 at 12:42PM

Director / Producer

Amazing Write-up, Such a wonderful blog and I suggest to others who are interested to get the copyrights for your creations. Learn copyrights rules and regulations. Search google De Penning & De Penning and visite site get more details regarding copyrights.


March 28, 2020 at 3:08AM

Lakesh Lakeshl
Blog Writter

What if your screenplay ends up significantly different than your original idea, as happened with BIG TROUBLE IN LITTLE CHINA, which started out as a Western and ended up as a contemporary action/adventure?

When do you have to file for a separate copyright, or do you have to refile at all?

September 26, 2021 at 3:43PM

Timothy E Liebe
Screenwriter, Videomaker